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1985-1 rahier

Dakar 1985 | Rahier and Picco tell each other

The Long Beards, the faces dug, the reddish powder stuck on him, the recessed eyes, hands with huge calluses, dirty bikes, unpainted, Welded, patched up. Paris-Dakar veterans look like this on saly-portudal beach, 80 kilometers from the finish, the night before the big arrival on the ocean wetdry of the Senegalese capital.

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The great adventure is almost over. The real heroes are the bikers, arrived in about thirty of the 180 who were — among the survivors also six Italians: Peak Three, Marinoni fourth, Zanichelli 13°, Crossbowmen then disqualified for being towed in the last stage together with Gagliotti - Wikipedia and Gauri. As soon as they arrive they look like scary ghosts, they look like corpses riding motorcycles. Those who have slept for 22 nights on average three to four hours each time and drove for twelve hours, Thirteen, fourteen or even more, in the middle of the desert or on the dangerous clay tracks.

Winning the Paris-Dakar, says rahier, it's nicer than conquering a world cross. Peak: 'The French didn't want an Italian winner'.

They're tired on the edge of collapse. Just one night, though, spent by the sea, just a five- or six-hour sleeper, just the almost certainty that we've made it to review, the morning after, of human beings again, people who gladly and without arrogance, at least among motorcyclists, your own adventure. Gaston Rahier he's a blond Belgian, small little with coffees neither long nor short, and nice: looks like the comic book asterix. And’ him who won, riding the bmw mammoth. He made it for the second year in a row, bingeing the first place just when he seemed inevitably defeated by our Franco Picco. "Winning a Paris-Dakar, " said Rahier, two-time motocross world champion — it's nicer than winning in the cross.

1985-2 rahier

To get to this beach you must have spat blood. Here more than the bike is the man who wins, in the cross instead motion and assistance are too important. This test is nice because here all bikers have the same problem, that is, they are alone, in the desert or in a forest, so there is solidarity among all, you help each other, you try to be together. With Peak, that I've known since the cross, we're really friends, we've come a long way together.. We find that Rahier's official BMW has changed a lot compared to the previous edition. "Bmw has done a lot of work on the bike," Rahier replies.. The engine today has more torque, the best seal frame, suspensions work more effectively and the whole thing is lighter". Ten meters from the winner lying on the sand together with other Italians here is the defeated, i.e. Franco Picco.

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And’ with teammate Marinoni, with the two honda-italia drivers Balestrieri and Zanichelli, with private Gualini. I'm waiting to face the last effort, but the refreshing wind and ocean view has already transformed them compared to the previous evening. We ask Picco where he lost the race. "I would say — replies our interlocutor — that I lost it in Kiffa, the day I got lost together with Rahier. And’ happened because Auriol had lost a platform and had stopped to replace it. If I had followed Auriol, i wouldn't have missed it because he, the 'desert fox', never gets it wrong, while Rahier has less sense of orientation. But there more than the first I lost the second place because losing we allowed others to come under..

But when he believed he had won? "In Tichit, — Picco replies — when they have re-made the ranking three times. The first time They had given me 44 minutes ahead of Rahier, the second my advantage had been reduced to 23 minutes and the third they had placed me in second place less than seven minutes. I was sure I had arrived in time to check, Instead, then, they said it wasn't so. I felt for a moment de-stolen of victory. I thought it wasn't nice to treat myself like that.. Anyway, even third okay, Via! I think the French were bore bore that an Italian was the winner., One, then, arrived for the first vol-ta. Already arriving in Dakar, Believe, it's a big satisfaction. And’ so beautiful that when there are concomitances between cross-country races and African races I will choose Africa".

peak-1985-1

So these French people made it a little bit’ Dirty? "It clearly bothered them," picco says, "that it was an Italian who won.. When in the Ténéré I started in the lead they said “who starts in front here you lose” and instead they came-to just 11 minutes from Rahier. I held on and then everyone was amazed and even pre-occupied. From then on they kept a special eye on us and we had to give up assistance because our vehicles were out of the race and only those who are still in the running can assist. One hand, though, the damage to all even the vehicles out of the race, though, to us has been banned more than others. Good thing they helped us a little’ the French of Sonauto-Yamaha ».

What was the most difficult stretch? "There was the myth of the Ténéré desert," says Picco, "but mauritania's desert is worse: Here, the sand is very fine, like water, submerges everything. And even the hard tracks of the final stages were terrible. The third final stage involved crossing a forest following the, so it was written on the “road-book property”, the footprints and tracks of animals, too bad only that of the tracks there in the middle there will have been twenty thousand and all tight for a motorcycle, let's imagine for cars and trucks".

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In such a race, what are the problems of navigation and orientation? "I had participated in the Pharaohs Rally," says Picco, "and I had made a mistake and learned, so I had decided to follow the “road-book property”, instinct and, if you could, Auriol, that's all.". The illusion of making it for Picco is over after being in charge of the race for a long time, for the pilo-ti of the Honda-Italia team, Instead, much earlier. Crossbowmen and Zanichelli blamed technical woes and bad luck, while demonstrating, as pilots, to be at the level of the best. Zanichelli came to an end with his left foot destroyed. Balestrieri was disqualified for being towed a few kilometers before Dakar when he was forced to end up at sea to avoid indigenous children too warm and the organization noticed and was inflexible as it was for Gagliotti and Gualini.

Taken from Motorcycling March 1985

Peak 87

Dakar 1987 – Belgarda, New, confidence in the mono

After Marinoni's forfeit is Peak the foreman

Yamaha's credentials after Franco Picco's success in the Pharaohs Rally – Belgarda are very high; the value of the pilots is out of the question: they'll go down in the race Peak, Medardo and Fat to replace Andrea Marinoni who won't be able to DAKAR 87 Peakrun because of the aftermath of an accident.

There remains only one mole: The bike is always the 660 Thumper. Light, handy and reliable, complains about the power problem, and therefore the maximum speed, compared to bmw and Honda twin-cylinder bikes and Yamaha itself 900 four-cylinder used by the French.

Lately, Paris-Dakar has been dominated by large. motorcycles that allow you to go to almost 200 Kirih in the immense desert sand straights and gain time against the smaller monocylidrids. The choice of Belgarda, New, Instead, seeks to take advantage of the skills of handling and more simplicity and mechanical accessibility.

A project also linked to the commercialisation of the means: although modified directly by Yamaha racing department in Japan, le Hold 660 reflect the characteristics of the standard product. The power has been increased to more than 50 HP, The capacity of the tanks is 55 while the dry weight barely exceeds 150 Kg.

Peak 1987 Copy

Features that in Yamaha's own plans should allow it to face the various multi-cylinder and recover in the paths of the savannah the time lost on the long straight stretches of desert.
Of the same opinion is also Peak: "To win the Dakar, it is not enough to have so much power. Others Picco_Auriol_Neveu_1987they'll go stronger, but driving a heavier bike also requires more physical effort. After many stages, fatigue can play a key role in not increasing the risk of falls and getting to the bottom.".

You have a little regrets about not being able to run with the FZ 900 bacou and Olivier will use?
"The French have been carrying out the FZ-derived engine design for some years, but so far they have not been able to gather positive results. I hope, because the brand to be defended is the same, whether it's a good year, but I've never tried it so I can't say anything. Let's wait for the Dakar to finish, we'll talk about it for the 88th.

JCO1 property 1986

Yamaha's history of Dakar

After being the pioneer of the new category “Trail” with the DT-1 and then established itself as a motocross leader with the Monocross suspension, Yamaha has begun the development of two more epochal models for the now thriving off-road market in the United States: TT500 enduro, exit in the 1975, and the dual-purpose XT500, exit in the 1976. Both of these big-singles at 4 Times met the needs of off-road fanatics who enjoyed riding on the wild open terrain and deserts of the American West Coast. Their highly resistant engines had a strong torque, and their sturdy and light frame was able to withstand the vibrations of such a power unit. They immediately became big sellers like recreational bikes, perfect for enjoying a lively weekend ride in America's wild open spaces. The bikes also became the dominant machine in various types of enduro races and won races across the country.

Meanwhile, in Europe the XT500 became an unexpectedly great success for a different use than the American one: her elegant design earned her a growing presence on the road. The combination of its torquey engine and a lightweight, thin chassis made it a handyman capable of using both daily errands and tours, making it a popular choice.

But it wasn't the only reason for his success. Thanks to the passion of a French in particular, that would become the “Mr Yamaha” company, The XT500 would also be the spearhead for the development of another new pioneering Yamaha category.

Olivier has always been passionate about the Paris-Dakar Rally.

His name was Jean-Claude Olivier. At the time, was an employee of yamaha Motor Sonauto French importer of products, but would later become the president of Yamaha Motor France S.A. and would help the pioneer of what was called the category “Adventure, New10”.

Car - Raid 1979 - PARIS ALGER DAKAR - Photo : DPPI MOTO - CYRIL NEVEU (FRA) / YAMAHA 500 XT - ACTION - WINNER, NEW10

Car – Raid 1979 – PARIS ALGER DAKAR – Photo : DPPI, NEW
MOTORCYCLE – CYRIL NEVEU (FRA) / YAMAHA 500 XT – ACTION – WINNER, NEW10

The eyes of Olivier shone as he looked at the 500 cc big-single and thought of the vast and unknown expanses of the African continent, Saying: Is It's time for the bike to be a vehicle for adventure”. He started by competing in the 1977 at the Rallye Cate d'Ivoire (Abidjan-Nice Rally) who has traveled about 10.000 km from the Republic of Ivory Coast, abidjan capital, in Nice in the south of France. In this event he experienced the difficulties and joys of the adventure rally. (The next organizer of the Paris-Dakar Rally also took part in this rally, Thierry Sabine). Then, in 1979, Olivier was joined by three other drivers to take part in the first Paris-Dakar Rally (also known as the Oasis Rally) What “Sonauto Yamaha Team”, riding the XT500. At the time, other car and motorcycle manufacturers showed little interest in this new competition, but Olivier was different. He described his decision to participate as a natural choice based on the XT500 product concept.

Cyril Neveu at the Paris-Dakar premiere
In this first participation in the Paris-Dakar, cars and motorcycles had no separate categories and 2 wheels and wheels 4 wheels have raced for absolute victory. The pilots Cyril Neveu and Gilles Comte have surpassed the many Range Rovers, Renault and other off-road vehicles, Respectively, with an arrival at 1 or 2 seats on the Yamaha XT500. In the second Paris-Dakar the following year, Neveu won once again and the XT500 drivers took the top four places in the race. In addition, of 25 motorcycles that finished the Rally that year, 11 were XT500, more than any other brand.

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Like this, The elegant design of the XT500 destined for California has also won the hearts of many enthusiasts in France and other European countries, arousing in them the desire to “Adventure”.

For the third year in a row, the following year, in 1981, the Paris-Dakar has become a competition approved by the FIA and FIM, and both automotive and motorcycle factory teams quickly started competing. Among the most ambitious participants were the BMW teams, and the XT500 riders now found themselves eating the dust of BMW motorcycles powered by a “flat motor” (horizontal piston engine). The following year, Yamaha upgraded the XT500 to the XT550. It was equipped with the exclusive YDIS device (Yamaha Dual Intake System) the Yamaha, but as the average speeds of Paris-Dakar grew faster, it was a struggle to keep the bike competitive.

The Yamaha XT550 of the Dakar 1982

The Yamaha XT550 of the Dakar 1982

This prompted Olivier and Sonauto to ask Yamaha Motor in Japan to further develop XT production models for new levels of off-road performance and equipment specifically designed for full-fledged rally competitions. Inspired by the passion and determination of France, Yamaha headquarters development team got to work. The result of their efforts was the XT600 Ténéré. The bike boasted an engine 600 cc that kept the YDIS, a large tank to be 30 liters, The first ever front disc brake on an off-road Yamaha model, a Monocross bell suspension, an aluminum fork and more. The XT600 Ténéré was developed in conjunction with the enduro TT600 model for the North American market and had a very high level of reliability. When it was first presented at the Paris Motor Show in the autumn of 1982, the XT600 Ténéré unleashed a new movement that would spread all over the world.

After its official release, Ténéré became not only the natural choice of many Paris-Dakar pilots, but also the choice of many generic motorcyclists who admired the adventure that paris-Dakar symbolized. The Ténéré was the machine that best embodied their dreams and that would start a worldwide boom of cars in style after those that competed in the Paris-Dakar.

XT 600 Ténéré
As a careful observer of the events of those times, current president of Yamaha Motor France, Eric de Seynes, New100, Remember: “When we had the Ténéré 600, it's been a fantastic success on the market. Really, it was great; from a sales perspective, it was a great success”. In the ten years since its release, 61.000 XT600 Ténéré have been sold in Europe and more than 20.000 only in France. Later,, The model will evolve 1991 XTZ660 Ténéré, with a 660cc five-valve single-cylinder engine, and will adopt the double beacon in the 1994.

The Yamaha 600 Ténéré of Dakar 1985

The Yamaha 600 Ténéré of Dakar 1985

While continuing to embody the dreams of so many pilots, the famous Ténéré would come to symbolize the “spirit of adventure” Yamaha brand. The Adventure category, started with the arrival of the XT500, reached a new level of popularity with the launch of the Ténéré, and the category would grow to become a new kind of motorcycle culture. With the establishment of the Adventure category, Yamaha had allowed many riders to participate in the Paris-Dakar, but as far as the results of the races, Yamaha had not won since the second edition of the 1980.

Eventually, it was Jean-Claude Olivier's determination to win the Paris-Dakar again that convinced Yamaha's production model development department to act. The XT600 Ténéré prepared for the Paris-Dakar del 1985 it bore the same name as the production model, but it was actually the first bike that the production model development department of Yamaha headquarters had built specifically for the Paris-Dakar. The fuel tank was a three-part project, with a main tank and secondary tanks to the left and right, total capacity 51 liters. With some changes made by Sonauto, Olivier took him to an impressive second place. In addition to this, 3rd and 4th place also went to the pilots of the XT600 Ténéré. However, with the Paris-Dakar becoming faster every year, victory continues to go to Yamaha's rival and his horizontal twin-cylinder.

This prompted Olivier to attempt to increase the maximum speed of the car for the Rally of the 1986 using the engine 4 cylinders of the FZ750 sport bike for the car, creating the FZ750 Ténéré. But with the disadvantage of its greater weight, the best he could do was finish in 12th place. Nevertheless, his unwavering determination to win the Rally inspired Yamaha's racing car development department to act.

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The following year, in 1987, Yamaha's racing car development department in Japan finally began working on a factory machine for the Rally of the 1988. It was the machine “0W93, New1000” or “YZE750 Ténéré” powered by an engine liquid-cooled 750cc five-valve single cylinder. Olivier also brought the 22-year-old French champion of enduro Stéphane Peterhansel in the factory team. Peterhansel reflected on the events of the time: “This race was my dream. Winning this race wasn't my dream, it was just a dream. And I was really lucky, because one day [in the middle of 1987], Jean-Claude Olivier called me and asked if I was interested in doing the Dakar, and I answered for sure! This is my dream! I want to do this race!

Riding the single-cylinder 5 liquid-cooled valves YZE750 Ténéré (0W93, New1000), Franco Picco came second in the 1988.

Peterhansel was present at the pre-race tests where the last adjustments of the 0W93 were made before eight machines were supplied to the Sonauto team, Belgarda team Yamaha's Spanish team for participation in the Paris-Dakar del 1988. In the race, though, Peterhansel went off-piste at one point and lost valuable ground, making him 18th overall. Meanwhile, Olivier fell and broke his arm bones a week before the finish line, but he ran up to 7th place. Later, Peterhansel would comment on the enormous willpower and determination that Olivier had shown: “I remember when I did my first Dakar. Olivier] he was a runner; it was 88. I started with a good race, but in the middle of the race I made a big mistake and I never managed to get a good result.

The Yamaha OW93, 750 monocylind by Franco Peak

The Yamaha OW93, 750 monocylind by Franco Peak

And I remember Jean-Claude Olivier fell and broke the bones of his arm and tried to finish. But it wasn't possible for me. I said that with a broken arm it is not possible. But in the end, finished the race. It wasn't easy, but then I said, Mr. Olivier is really a strong man, not only with his speed in the saddle, but also [Mentally] why finish the Dakar that way with a broken arm, it wasn't possible for me. And’ been during my first Dakar, so I was really impressed by his [Ability]; he was really strong, you've never [Surrendered] and it was always [pushing its physical limits]”.

Among the 0W93 runners in the Paris-Dakar race of the 1988, was Franco Picco of the Belgarda team to have the best race. Until the last stages of the Rally, got in trouble with Edi Orioli on Honda NXR750, but he couldn't take his rival and finished 2nd. In the Rally of the following year, Peak ran well on the improved 0W94, New10014, but once again he had to settle for second place by a margin of 54 minutes. Although they were not able to prevent the Honda factory team from winning again, the know-how acquired by the 0W93 machine that Picco had ridden would be traced back to the development of the next Ténéré production model.

For the new engine, the desire to maintain the good performance feeling of the original Ténéré single-cylinder, while allowing for higher power and speed levels, an in-line twin-cylinder from 750cc to 10 valves with a 360-degree crank. The engine design was also characterized by a downhill suction socket, from a built-in dual-mast barbell and dry-paper lubrication. Of course, as the father of the “Ténéré World”, Jean-Claude Olivier took part in the prototype tests.

In 1989 it's up to the twin-cylinder, debuts the YZE750 Hold 0W94

In 1989 it's up to the twin-cylinder, debuts the YZE750 Hold 0W94

Then, in the autumn of 1988, The new XTZ750 Super Ténéré was unveiled at the Paris Motor Show. Taking the new XTZ750 Super Ténéré production model as a base model, efforts accelerated towards the entrance to the factory at the Paris-Dakar Rally. In 1990, The 802.5cc YZE750T Super Ténéré YZE750T factory machine took Carlos Mas to second place. Then, in 1991, eight drivers of Sonauto and the Italian teams participated in the Rally in a more advanced version.

That year he finally led to success; The drivers of the YZE750T Super Ténéré took every place on the podium and brought Yamaha its first victory in ten years. It was the moment when the dedication and determination of Jean-Claude Olivier and the Yamaha development team to win the Rally again finally paid off.

Finally, in the 1991 comes the victory with the YZE750T OWC5

Finally, in the 1991 comes the victory with the YZE750T OWC5

The winner of that year's race, Peterhansel remembers that moment: “I remember on the podium, [Olivier] took my hand on the podium and began to cry a little. It was really exciting and it was probably the best feeling of my career [with six wins at the Dakar]. Since joining Yamaha, he put his trust in me and told me to take my time, gave me a lot of support and said he was sure I would win the Dakar. After four years, I won my first Dakar, so for him, [had hit the target]. It was a relationship a little bit’ similar to that of a son and a father”.

The Yamaha 850 of Dakar 1994

The Yamaha 850 of Dakar 1994

In 1994, the rules of the tender have changed and participation has been limited to production models. This forced Yamaha to suspend its stake in the factory, but it didn't affect Olivier's passion for the event. For private drivers who wanted to participate in the Rally, Yamaha Motor France released its own production models built specifically for the Dakar. They sold the 15 units needed, each of the XTZ850R twin-cylinder and the XT660R single-cylinder, a total of 30 Unit. At the time, The XTZ850R was sold for about 140.000 Franks (at the time about 25.000 Usd). These machines continued to help private individuals realize their dream of competing in the Paris-Dakar.

The Yamaha XTZ 850 victory at the Dakar 1996 with Edi Orioli

The Yamaha XTZ 850 victory at the Dakar 1996 with Edi Orioli

The following year, Peterhansel returned to the Paris-Dakar Rally as a factory driver in a car based on the XTZ850R and won his fourth victory in the Rally of the 1995. In 1996, Edi Orioli won the Rally with Yamaha, and in 1997 and 1998, Peterhansel won consecutively on the XTZ850TRX with a 270-degree crank that provided excellent traction in the desert sands. So by doing, Peterhansel scored an unprecedented record of six victories in the Paris-Dakar motorcycle division. These results also helped to ensure that Yamaha won 9 of 19 Paris-Dakar rally that took place until 1998, most motorcycle manufacturers, before finishing his participation in the Rally.

Peterhansel's last win at the Dakar 1998

Peterhansel's last win at the Dakar 1998

Ed: the word “Ténéré” in the Tuareg languages of North Africa means “Desert” or “Solitude”. Yamaha's challenge in Paris-Dakar, tackled together with passionate adventurers determined to conquer this barren “desert of the deserts”, was worthy of the pioneering off-road manufacturer from the beginning. No person symbolizes this challenge better than the late Jean-Claude Olivier, the man who in those years was the unifying and driving force of the dakar challenge. Today, his many successes and his indomitable Spirit of Challenge are not just a model for Yamaha Motor France, but also for every member of the global Yamaha family to be proudly admired.

Peak5-1986

Dakar 1986 | Franco Picco, two hours for bullshit

The stage is Agadez-Dirkou. It crosses the Desert of Ténéré on a fairly flat bottom and all of sand. It's a fortune, because the day before I dislocated my shoulder and I have a small fracture in my hand. I can drive with one hand, for some traits. I have overcome the moment of greatest despondency, 150 miles on the “tole ondulée”, with a shoulder out of place, that at the camp a doctor French managed to get back on the move with a masterstroke, a tight bandage and a “swallowed up” of pain pills.

Peak 1986 Copy

The bottom today is very tender, because of a sandstorm that hit the track. Last year was much harder and faster. Our replenishment plans, based on past experience, plan to fill up the Ténéré tree, After 200 kilometers, and then to do a whole pull to the finish line. I'm about 400 kilometers. But because of the soft sand the speed is much lower than last year, you can't get over the 110, 115 Km/h, consumption is higher than expected.

Initially I think it's a problem with the engine…

We travel together, Me and Andrea Marinoni, my teammate. When we are in sight of the oase of Bilma, well distinguishable even in the distance by the presence of a lighthouse that, just like those of the ports, serves to point the way to caravans crossing the desert, my Yamaha stops. Devil, I broke – I think – and instead I just ran out of gasoline.

Luckily Marinoni still has a litre, so we start to beam from his tank to my, with a funnel that we brought with us to fill up. We just think we're going to get to the oase, where we can refuel before we start again. From there to Dirkou, end of the stage and the special test, there are twenty more, twenty-five kilometers. As we tinker with funnel and tank come the first competitors with the cars.

Peak POWER1 1986

Porsches outperform us fast. We sign a Mitsubishi Pajero to stop and the driver, Strangely, because they don't usually dignirate us with a look, stops in a cloud of dust. Is Zaniroli… who like me ran out of gas right there. We just have to finish our transfusions.

Let's leave to stop, with my Yamaha back dry, right at 100 meters from the lighthouse. We are waiting for only soldiers with jeeps, but all diesel. I'm standing still, It's up to Andrea Marinoni to slip into the village in search of the sifirst gasoline. Go back in no time: In anticipation of the rally' passage, locals have prepared canisters; he bought one and retraced the track driving with the tin on the tank that slipped on all sides.

Peak3 1986

I start to empty. It's a nice clear liquid, Transparent, even if a little’ Oily. I immediately come to mind the words of our sporting director: “don't do gasoline in Dirkou because it's not good”. While Marinoni fills up his bike, who left with the engine running, I try to start my, but without success. Andrea tries to help me, but you don't need to, so we stop Gauri and Spanish MAS who have reached us, to help us out.

Nothing to do. The only result is to lose quite a bit’ time and Marinoni, who in the ranking is put better than me, decides to go ahead so as not to accumulate further delay. But when he rides, he also turns off his bike, and history repeats itself. Gualini tries to pull it with a rope, but once he falls and once Andrea, with no results. So that as they move away that way I begin to disassemble the candle and the filter, thinking there's some problem with the gas pump.

Peak 4 1986

I just approach the fuel to smell strange. I also make a military man around me smell and I have confirmation of my doubts : it's diesel! There's nothing else to do but look for gasoline. A soldier helps me and with his jeep we go looking for her. Of course Marinoni is still a little further ahead : I tell him to disassemble the tank and wait for me.

I wander empty until right down the village I find an old man who outside the house has a bin with gasoline in it.. The price is a friend: to give me a can she wants 500 Franks. From that moment it's a race in the race. We clean the tank, let's change the candle, let's throw a little bit’ gasoline in the carburetor and once all over with three pedals the Yamahas go into motion. I'm in a sweat bath, and after drying out hastily Allotment. Two hours late for bullshit! This, too,, though, is the Dakar.

From Dakar Dakar 2
Text Paolo Scalera
Photo Dune Motor

ALPINESTARS-NEWS

Advertising Alpinestars 1986

Peak 1989-2

Franco Peak on the monos at the Dakar 1989

2016-04-08 19.03.41With Franco Picco, it is a must to talk about 750 Yamaha.
"I tried a twin-cylinder in Japan a long time ago; certainly has a lot more power, On the mono side, however, they play the reliability and safety. Our single-cylinder in any case is very evolved; has liquid cooling, five valves, it's now super reliable. This year's changes (one candle, enhanced lubrication circuit etc.) have led to a power of 58-60 cv with a weight of 165 cv with a weight of 165 kg; the top speed is not so different, instead the shooting at the low, serving and driving better, has improved considerably".

Motosprint – Gabriel Gobbi

Marinoni-1985

The Yamaha XT to Dakar 1985

The XT to Paris-Dakar ' 85 Yamaha attending the Paris-Dakar rally were of two types: those officers, prepared directly from the House and managed by the French team Sonauto, who conquered with Olivier second place, and those prepared by Belgarda, that after dominating the competition with Peak have finished third and fourth with the same peak and with Mad. We have analyzed the version prepared by the Italian team because, approaching closer to mass production, lets make some interesting comparisons.

Belg85-12The motion of Belgarda represents a real collage, because it uses parts of the TT600, the XT 600 Ténéré and 490 by cross. The frame is that of TT 600, braced at the rear to support the weight of the extra fuel tanks and tool bag. In particular it has been soldered a reinforced tube that goes from the attack of the swing arm from under the seat. Compared to the standard chassis then added two skid tubes, one on each side, for increased protection, and the Centre stand for easy servicing.

Belg85-13

Swingarm “official Yamaha”

The fork and the rear swingarm were provided directly from Yamaha and they equal those of motorcycle officers. The fork has the stems from 43 mm such as the TT 600, but has the sliders with the quick release front wheel. Clear springs are reinforced for extra weight that must endure. The swingarm is an experimental model a bit higher than that of series. The rear shock is to set, While the spring again this is reinforced to withstand greater load.

Belg85-16

Rugg YZ derivation

The wheels shall be those of the 490 by cross. The tires were mounted, Depending on the land, with the air Chamber, putting behind a double Te rim to avoid tearing the valve, or the «mousse» solid rubber. The «mousse» in particular has been used on the rocks or on hard surfaces where the risk of puncturing is very high.
The braking system is a cross between what the XT 600 Ténéré and the 490 by cross. On the front there is the hard braking with the Group of Ténéré (pump and caliper) the cross bike which ensures greater reliability. At the rear is the drum brake group are from cross.
The engine is the TT 600, structurally identical to that, the Ténéré but already in the beginning a bit more powerful (about 2 more horses) and above all more generous in low. To earn another shot at low was replaced the camshaft with that preparation kits that Belgarda markets, and has been given special attention in the design of the Terminal part of the free outlet exhaust, which also takes advantage of the OEM manifold. It has also been changed to accommodate the Carburetors calibrated airbox on the tank.

Replaceable air filter located behind the tank so you don't have to remove the seat

Replaceable air filter located behind the tank so you don't have to remove the seat

In the race then you used the barrel of the Ténéré with cane in. cast iron instead of TT with the chrome barrel. Are also standard clutch and gearbox, the latter is how all that as scaling relationships. He spoke instead on the final report, adapting gradually to the characteristics of the route with the Crown replacement. The chain is strengthened, of the type used on dirt bikes.

Belg85-15

Tank Byrd from 39 Lt.

The tank has a capacity of 39 litres and is the same as the preparedness kit, Inside is completely blank; the pilots themselves have renounced sponge inside because the half-empty tank of fuel to annoy not shaking the Guide and earns a liter capacity. The side tanks were made specially by Belgarda. The water, required for regulation, has, a capacity of 6 liters, that of petrol by 10.
The superstructure is completed from the saddle of the Ténéré, from a rear fender Acerbis and windshield, enclosing the radiator of the ollo (the Ténéré is set next to the engine). The fairing protects the instrumentation that includes tachometer, speedometer with trip-master and oil temperature thermometer. Behind the fairing are also the compass and a cassette for the roadbook

Source:http://www.xt600.cc/xtword/?page_id=2

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Group photos Dakar 1988

Italians in Dakar, standing from the left Fatemian, Charles Edson, Orioli, Terruzzi and Gates. Kneeling Spike, Gauri and Winkler.

 

Motosprint-1989

Cover Magazine Motosprint 1989

Cover of the weekly magazine Motosprint dedicated to Franco Picco and adventure of Aldo Winkler dispersed in the desert.

Dakar-16

Franco Picco Gilera RC 750

One of the most beautiful Gilera, the RC 750!
Special thanks to Clement Canino for the photos provided.