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Dakar 1985 | Beppe Gauri. Withdrawn it will be her!

by Nicolò Bertaccini

And now that's enough, this pebble is right to take it out of your shoes, Indeed, from the boots. Because there are a thousand documents around, all officers and on these appear only judgments: out of maximum time, retired, Disqualified, seventy-second with twenty-two finished at the finish line (!?). Instead, on Pink Lake and Dakar, in 1985 Beppe Gualini got there. That's it.. Certain, in his own way. But if you break an engine, you get towed, you fall into the sea, you pull spare parts i miss you were jeeg robot, then it's right that you're recognized what you've done.

Said, Year 1985, our Good Samaritan Gualini is riding a Yamaha Tenere set up with a kit Byrd. It has reached the penultimate stage, the Pink Lake and the finish line are one step away. It's not long, it's about managing what's left of the bike, an eye on out-of-time and it's done. The unexpected happens, Indeed, yet another unexpected. The bike stops. Beppe does a thousand checks, thousand checks but the bike no longer has any, the engine is gone, Cooked. It's not long, you can already smell saltwater but it's not enough. Beppe does not demur. He tries. From there on incredibly passes the byrd service truck (Belgarda Yamaha Racing Division) that "they didn't even stop, they knocked me down an engine and they left".

The truck was caught following the official drivers Belgarda, New but stops to figure out what Beppe needed. You need an engine, at one stage from arrival there is the possibility to unload one on the fly and let it try to mount it and make it work. A non-new engine, indeed a little’ undone. But with great merit: it would turn on and it worked. For Beppe starts a race against time, disassemble and reassemble in order to reach the limit. Then, after about twenty days of competition, with the bike that now stands together only by miracle and a physical fatigue that can hardly be imagined, ours starts to replace the engine of his Ténéré. Complex stuff in a workshop.

 

Gualini-1985-1

 

But Beppe has method, Knowledge, patience and inhuman strength. Replaces the engine and restarts. Certain, the bike starts again lightened by some useless infrastructure, as you can see in some photos. On the other hand, it's not like he could finish the commas., the important thing was to get to the bivouac with the bike on, then he could patch up further in view of the last day of the race. And we're on the fateful last day, the last stop, the one where in each driver's head echoes a single phrase "don't do shit". Yet, as we've seen happen for so many, the last km is always the most insidious.

Beppe runs with his Yamaha that now seems to have come out of the movie Mad Max. Runs along the wetdry, where the sand is more compact and easier to cross. Obviously an unexpected happens, otherwise it wouldn't be the Dakar. He's proceeding with two other pilots, are close enough. Suddenly an abnormal wave or in any case pushed a little’ further on the shoreline and here are the three who find themselves on the ground. Beppe takes a nice dip. He gets up biasing something in bergamo and tries to restart the bike by dumping anger and frustration on the starter pedal. Nothing. Try again and nothing. Try again with more and more anger until he breaks the kicksarter.

It's over., the bike no longer starts. Even if it's done by now, could load his bike on his shoulders and get to the finish line. Fate, however, did not end with Beppe and put another participant on the track. They tie the bike and yamaha gets carried away for a few meters. A hundred will be needed before a mumble and an outbreak announce the restart. The maneuver is not one of those prohibited, get help to start the bike is granted. It's done, the bike starts again and Beppe can take it to the finish line, holding your breath. Twenty-third recites the document in his hands. And in the end, among a thousand sites, thousand reportage, thousand official documents the only one that contains the truth, for us, is that of Gualini. He in the 1985 in Dakar we got there, within the time limit.

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Dakar 1985 | La Cagiva gives itself Hubert Auriol

If anyone can judge BMW and Ligier-Cagiva, it's definitely Hubert Auriol., the thirty-French winner with the BMW of two Paris-Dakar, this year at Cagiva to develop the 750 Elefant. Of course Auriol admits the superiority of his current bike.

Auriol 1985

"I can't get that unbalanced – says – because I tried the Ligier-Cagiva only in the Rally of Algeria whose route is very different from that of the Paris-Dakar; the initial impression is that the power between the two bikes is more or less equivalent; the rear suspension of the Cagiva is much more efficient, as for weight I believe that the Ligier-Cagiva is about fifteen kilograms lower than the BMW, so...'

For the former BMW driver and 'king' of African races, the Cagiva is better

Malignants say you left bmw because of rivalry with Rahier, the former Belgian cross-countryman who was hired to back you up two years ago and in the last edition blew you the victory…

"And a simplistic explanation this: i changed teams for several reasons. After so many years spent with BMW I was looking for new stimuli, and collaborating with an enthusiastic team like that of Cagiva to realize a winning bike from nothing is a huge stimulus".

Rahier?

"No, he wasn't the cause.".

Auriol 1985 Copy

The Ligier-Cagiva team is actually Italian or French?

'Marinoni, Member of the Commission.. one of the pilots, it's Italian; two mechanics in tow are Italian, everybody else is French. We split up our homework: La Cagiva built the bike, modified it following our directions after the first tests; I, who have more experience of African racing than them, organized the team..

At the Rally of Algeria the Ligier-Cagiva suffered a current failure: the breakage of the gearbox bearings and the burning of the clutch discs. For the Dakar the problem will be solved with new bearings and with the adoption of an integral oil cooling circuit that lubricates gearbox and clutch.

Taken from Rhombus

cagiva-3 property

Dakar 1985 | La Cagiva Elefant, 1st 750 according to Giampaolo Marinoni

The Desert? For a bergamot accustomed to mountains like me it is still wonderful; I like to run there, I like African slopes. i like raids because they're a school of life, a way of feeling free". Yet Giampaolo Marinoni. 26 years, born in the province of Bergamo, a past as a professional runner in European regularity races, a militancy that still lasts in the fiamme oro sports group, those to which many cross-countrymen belong, still door on the face, days away, the signs of "his" desert.

Giampaolo Marinoni doesn't believe in BMW's superiority

Left hanging for the rupture of the clutch of the Ligier-Cagiva in the penultimate stage of the Rally algeria, Marinoni first walked a dozen kilometers alone in the sand, then he found a ride on the Yamaha 600 of ’American Stearns, finished out of maximum time, and finally he fell ruinously out of his face with the #8217;American because these, perhaps for breaking the rear suspension or for putting the wheels in two different grooves, had lost control of the bike in full straight.

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Grudge against the Marinoni desert does not bring any: "I would be ready to start again today for another race", says. You won't have to wait long because the Paris-Dakar, the race in which he will take part on the Ligier-Cagiva alongside Auriol and Picard to counter the pace at BMW, Honda, Yamaha and Suzuki, will start in exactly a month: on January first. Marinoni and Auriol took the African race very seriously: The Ligier-Cagiva (but who knows why the name Ducati, which is the brand that supplied the engine and whose racing department has materially worked behind the bike is never mentioned…) the moment he debuts at Paris-Dakar he will have only two test races behind him: the Spanish Baja and the rally of Algeria novembrino; in this last race the Italian bike has highlighted enormous skills even if the fragility of some components, clutch in particular, they forced her to retire.

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The Ligier-Cagiva is fitted with the twin-cylinder L-shaped engine 4 times of 750 cc of Ducati: is the same engine used in endurance racing, even if the power is considerably lower. Bmw's engine is also twin-cylinder, but with boxer cylinders (in 180 degrees between them); the fact that the 980 bmw favourite derives from a much calmer road engine than ducati means that the Italian engine, comfortable in circuit racing, is less suitable for desert competitions?

Marinoni is not of this opinion, far from it. "I think the characteristics of the Ducati engine are very good for African races. Also because on the track Ducati uses engines that develop about 95/96 horses. In the desert you need much less power. This engine will have from the 65 To 75 horses: has been depowered to earn couple, shooting down. This engine from Africa, which is a 750, runs at lower speeds of the Ducati 650 road but it has a lot more progression: in 5000 laps already develops 52 of 70 horses of maximum power.' The rivalry between Ligier-Cagiva and BMW fuelled by the controversial statements of the representatives of the two teams. The German brand has swaggeringly stated that their twin-cylinders, '85 edition, winners a couple of months ago of the Faraoni Rally, develop today a hundred horses. At least thirty more than what Cagiva admits. Which, if it were true, would mean chance of getting higher top speeds.

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Marinoni, on the other hand, judges these statements as pure pretactic. "I don't believe it; i like to say things like they're: I could declare you too 90 power horses without having them, BMW declares 100 horses c Rahier, their pilot, says that his empty bike, without gasoline, Weighs 140 Chili, what for me unheard of because everyone knows how to do the math: a motorcycle like the BMW, by series, can't weigh less than 155 Chili. Also admitting that the Germans worked around it to lighten it, they can't have earned, many kilos because too many are the components to add to a motorcycle for it to be able to face a Paris-Dakar. Components that have a mass. Then an engine 1000 how theirs needs certain masses to work. Only the BMW engine weighs 60 Chili; have ranges equal to our, the wheels are the same, the BMW cardan transmission I think weighs more of our chain; then where did they earn those 20-30 kilos compared to our Cagiva that come to 160-170 kg? Only with plastic tanks?».

One of the most curious changes made to the Ducati engine 750 of Ligier-Cagiva, compared to the road thruster, is the flip of the rear cylinder head. "The purpose of – marinoni explains – is to have both carburetors between the cylinders. The advantage is immediate: the carburetor behind the cilindro would receive too much hot air: this accommodation instead allows us to have the two carburetors close, at the capacity of the large air filter that has a direct suction from the frame through two ovalized holes". A serious problem in motorcycles for African races is the autonomy: must be able to cover at least 450-500 km without supplies. In addition, in the desert the average consumption increases dramatically because the sandy bottom, worsening adherence. often forces the engine and wheel to work empty; the gigantic tanks that inspired 'African' fashion are therefore explained.

The Cagiva, whose twin-cylinder engine is even less parked than others, bypassed the #8217;obstacle with two tanks. "The upper one contains 49 liters – marinoni says – plus we have one under the saddle from 14 liters; first we consume all the gasoline of the main tank so that you lower the center of gravity of the bike; lastly we use the secondary tank. We have a vacuum pump. that feeds carburetors. Of course with about sixty kilos of fuel in full tanks l’trim changes, you have to adjust accordingly before you leave.".

Taken from ROMBO
by Alberto Sabbatini

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DAKAR 1985 | the Test of the BMW winner of the Dakar

Source Motosprint

by Marco Maria Masetti

The legendary BMW, winner of four editions of the Paris Dakar (’81.’83, ’84 and 85), it's definitely for fans of this type of competition the most you can aspire to, and it is for us too, in love with motorcycles and great spaces ever since the #8217;idea of running in the Sahara was of a few bizarre enthusiasts, but already capable of beating-king the heart almost as much (if not more) a fold at 50 degrees or a new lap record. Around the G/S Paris-Dakar (or rather at Project Paris-Dakar, its official definition) a myriad of legends have flourished that speak of unheard-of powers and lack of driveability. Often, In short, l#8217.imagination has transcended and made in this "university of the off-road" an unattainable myth on which 11 profane anything or almost had to know.

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Now, Instead, thanks to the courtesy of the BMW in the people of the ’engineer Pachernegg, New, team's sporting director Dietmar Beinhauer and all’enterprise of our German collaborator Oscar Wieland, we can offer an unprecedented test of the bike that arrived first on dakar beach on 22 January. Our task has not been exhausted with the test; In fact, we have observed millimeter by millimeter "the most famous boxer in the world" in search of any secrets and special materials that people talk about to explain the reasons for its success.

The surprise was undoubtedly great: few tricks and even less secrets, G/S 1000 Number 101 you can safely take it as an example to confirm that in African races the motorcycle component is’important, but not decisive and that the victory of Gaston Rahier it's fruit, as well as the good work of those who made the bike, of the great attention placed in the smaller an-that details, in the great organization of the team captained by Beinhauer and in the incredible strength of his first guide who managed to bring to the end of the race perhaps the toughest in the world a bike definitely heavy and committed-va like the G/S 1000 through almost 14.000 kilometers.

Speaking of such a famous and winning bike, you think almost automatically of a hyper sophisticated medium, complex solutions. But none of this: G/S Paris-Dakar; how the rallying school wants, a pretty conventional bike that takes advantage (in a truly brilliant cocktail) parts from the series. The engine is, basically a hybrid that takes advantage of parts of the GS 80 and R 100 RS property. The cylinders are 1000 as well as the head and carburetors. The pistons are specially made by Mahle with a shorter cape than the standard ones and with three bands, while the cylinders are standard but shorter and narrower (13,5 Mm).

Lubrication will provide about 3 litres of oil contained in the cup and cooled through a radiator placed under the steering. The filter 1985BMWR980GS5-vi’air is automotive derivation (BMW 2002 You) and takes advantage of the same ducts on the G/S 80. The unloading takes place, very freely, through two megaphones that receive gases from two plywood pipes of the diameter of 38 mm. Electronic ignition (Bosch) with automatic ’-advance adjustment. In addition to the kick-starter there is a small motor d’start-up that uses a rechargeable dry cell battery, but, Usually, GS is started with the #8217 help of a means of #8217 (cold-engined species) or with the kick-starter after hoisting the bike on’high center stand.

The transmission-change group takes advantage of the classic five-speed and the single-disc dry clutch, but upgraded compared to the standard bike. The most important changes relate to the pipelines for the #8217;oil that have been revised to compensate for the different tilt to which the engine is forced, compared to the G/S 80 where it comes from. Very classic is also the cycling part, typically BMW, with a frame in C-#8217;steel pipe at Cr-Mo 25 with a continuous double cradle configuration with extensive reinforcements in the area (evidently solicited) steering cannotto.

The front closely follows the structure of the GS 80 with the differences in the back of the frame that is bolted as on cross bikes to facilitate the work of the mechanics and to make it easier to repair after any falls, The rear suspension also has significant differences from the, since we find a conventional swinging fork exploiting in the right side (where the ’transmission tree is housed) the lining mounted on the G/S 80, duly stretched to 510 mm. On the left side c’is a conventional oval section arm with sheet metal reinforcement handkerchiefs.

1985BMWR980GS2-viOn this particular swinging fork find place two gas units of White Power cross-derived that offer a hike (remarkable for a bike with tree drive) well 280 mm. The choice of this type of suspension is mainly dictated by the great simplicity and the possibility (not always remote in these kind of races) to have to re-enter with a single shock after the failure of the ’other unit. L’front is all made in Italy with a Marchcchi tele-hydraulic fork cross-extraction with stems 41 mm. diameter and offering 300 mm. running.

The L’braking system is mixed with a Brembo disc 260 mm mounted in the front and equipped with double floating ply of charge and a BMW drum to be 200 mm rear operated by flexible cable. The circles are aluminum Akront without edging, cross-style. Moving on to superstructures and instrumentation we find an authentic "rationality manual" resulting from the great experience accumulated by the house in these years. The main tank has a capacity of 50 liters and consists of two shells of Kevlar (Smart choice made to avoid losing all fuel in the event of a tank rupture resulting from a fall) filled with a special synthetic foam with anti-shell functions that occupies only 1’1% of the tank capacity.

Under the seat, covered in suede, a second tank is located, always in kevlar, with the ability to 10 liters. Except for the tank, 1985bmwparisdakar2 propertymade in Germany by a ’specialized company, all carriage parts are due to the work of the ’Acerbis who provided fenders and peep on exclusive design. Note that the small transparent windshield of the K 100 which is mounted to provide riders with aerodynamic cover in road or fastest track transfers. The foot controls are pretty much the same as the G/S 80, like I'm also the footpaths.

The biggest differences we find at the handlebars, a Rentahl anodized gold on which are mounted the levers and gas control of the Magura (Duo model) and a series of accessories designed specifically for the #8217;use rallyistic such as the BMW Motometer multifunction odometer and the two cans with knum where the notes of the road book flow. At the center c’is a compass of nautical derivation. The main box is on the left, on the right is a ’similar structure, smaller where Rahier reads the main notes he drafted himself. In addition to this, on’left end of the handlebars are the keys for cassette player (Walkman Sony) gaston needs to listen to Sabine's morning briefing notes in a hurry and possibly a little’ music.

1985BMWR980GS4-vi Complete the dashboard control panel, l’’oil temperature indicator and pressure light in lubrication circuit. L’lighting is entrusted to a single lighthouse with a diameter of 135 mm derived from the standard one and protected by a metal grate. The tools are contained in a bag on the tank equipped with compartments (is part of the BMW accessories series), while on the back rack c’is a leather bag that contains everything you need for a Paris-Dakar; on Rahier's bike we found a pack of Elf oil, tire levers, BMW vials of air, 2 Bosch platinum candles, 2 ’air chambers, front brake pipes, Cables, tip-top in addition to the canonical canvas tape and the’inevitable iron thread. C’it is also a medicine box with anti-cooking cream, Aspirin, vitamin C com-presses. Antibiotics, saline supplements, patches of various sizes, external disinfectant, in addition to useful tablets to pob the water’water and an anti-diarrhea drug

How are you – It's the hours 9 of a very cold Morning in March, when a number of people came out of the basement of the BMW Motorrad GMBH in Munich 520 driven by a mechanic (will assist me during the test) towing the number on a trolley 101, True Queen of ’Africa, still bearing the marks of the victorious ride. The location chosen for the test is a terrain, equipped with artificial obstacles, in the immediate vicinity of Munich where, Usually, Train the tankers of the ’German army. The cold is really pungent as evidenced by the numerous pools of #8217;water covered with a layer of ice.

The Little Mechanic (he claims to be seven centimeters shorter than Gaston Rahier) fills me with gasoline the tank in Kevlar from 10 litres placed under the saddle, sparing me the 50 litres that are normally placed in the main tank, that would raise the already high center of gravity of the bike by a lot, making it definitely difficult to drive through the gravel ups and downs of the test track. From a standstill the G/S Paris-Dakar makes really impression with its fluorescent white-orange mole dominated by the large, low-bellied tank.

Speaking of size one can only assess the grit and courage of Gaston who runs (and wins) riding a motorcycle that goes just abundant to me that I'm taller than him about 20 cm (support on the ground both feet with outstretched legs) and weighing with the two tanks full and in race setup 228 kg. L’start-up, cold-engined, is done by connecting to the car's engine, moments and the #8217 icy air of the field resonant echoes of the din coming out of the ominous trombones of the G/S. Despite the 14.000 kilometres have left some marks on the bodywork and that rust due to the ’water of the ’Atlantic, the bike is in pretty much the same condition as it came to Dakar: only a normal check was done to electrical details, in addition to a change of ’oil and filter.

BMW Rahier 1985

Silence again, the boxer is silent: I want to try the ’standard start, the pedal one, to better understand what Rahier used to do every day. You start by putting the G/S on the center stand (really difficult feat that sees success only after a d’team done by two people), then you place your left foot on the bumper hose, while with the right he kicks himself on the lever winning the resistance of the two large pistons and at the same time to-take a wire the valves of the carbutors, rotating the Magura Duo in aluminum. A few rides and the engine starts, but it's certainly not an easy’enterprise and requires some mastery. Needless to say, the mind immediately runs to Gaston trying, on the sand, to start the G/S with a temperature of 35 degrees, after a fall.

The G/S engine 1000 Paris-Dakar, right, takes advantage of standard parts derived from G/S 80, like the motor carter, on which cylinders are mounted, heads and carburetors 1000 road and have traveled more than 500 miles of track! The position in the saddle is perfect, very rational, without having your legs in an unnatural position (that is, too open) despite the’tank footprint. I was afraid the foot controls would be adjusted for Rahier's boots, but that's not the case.: everything seems tailored to larger riders as they are, For example,, his companions Hau and Loiseax.

So it's great for me too, with only legs a little’ too flexed due to the reduced padding of the saddle of the number 101 compared to the other two G/Ss entrusted to the French and The German. It only takes less than 2000 quick start laps, and with good agility, once the soft clutch is released. In fact, as soon as it's moving the pounds disappear-no, as is normal on a bike with reasonably concentrated weights at the bottom, but there is still something to take with due caution, especially in the first moments.

I find this on a dirt road, quite similar to the slopes (Best) meeting in Africa. A quick glance, the road is clear, more than enough space, nothing better, then, to unleash all the horses of the Bavarian boxer. Second, third and fourth open gas; practice-mind flies clutching in your hands with force, but without apprehension, the handlebars and enjoying the speed, definitely higher than 130 per hour, with the certainty of great directionality and precision of the ’front. I'm almost going to give up the tension that had accompanied me in the first few meters of the test thinking about how easy it is to drive an off-road like this when, maybe left by the tanks of the German army, I see before me a series of hollows in very rapid succession.

There's no time to slow down, I hold on to the handlebars to contain the effects of that encounter. In an instant the rear is starting to jump and I find myself at more than a hundred an hour riding an enraged bull. When, almost miraculously, I can get over this moment unresotating I think again (and always with greater admiration) Gaston and his, daily miracles on the African slopes. I also look for the personal satisfaction of some surge, but on the heavy ground the rear wheel also sled for the truly elephanty shot of the engine. When the Michelin Desert decides to take it all the more, the front end rises so imperiously that I violently slam the helmet chin against the road-book and compass.

Taken from the KO I understand, At last, that a bike of such weight and power must be conducted in off-road gently taking advantage of the engine pull and its perfect delivery to all règimi without looking for solutions of strength. In doing so, you discover the great qualities of the G/S that you drive away from the limit reveals an ease of driving and a sweetness really unsuspected in such a "monster". Suspensions work very well, with great homogeneity especially, and you can go through absorbing many obstacles, maybe in the second or third with an exciting presence of horses even at the lowest règimi and keeping the high gears inserted.

Our tester during the fantastic test on the army track near Munich. The bike proved comfortable and easily governable as long as it did not overdo it and stay away from high speeds

Using the gas command consistently, even low-speed manoeuvres are easy, but you have to be careful not to lose the dynamism completely at the risk of finding yourself in a curve, maybe in counter-presidency with 200 kilos lying on the ground. He also jumped with the G/S, and safe, he was surprised by the naturalness with which his bulk dives into downhill jumps, always landing according to the wishes of the pilot who has nothing but to balance with little effort the medium almost a 125. I immediately think of the comparison with the then debutante Cagiva Elefant that I tried on Agadir beach at the conclusion of the Rally de l'Atlas.

After an hour of testing, the G/S literally "entered our blood" and even the reverential fear disappeared completely, So we appreciate the excellent skills of the clutch and the gearbox (with the exception of a tendency to vent between first and second) and the positive work of brakes and suspensions that must undoubtedly work hard because of the weight. In this regard all our congratulations go to Marzocchi and Brembo who have realized, the fork and the front brake respectively. At the end of the test, we try again with greater confidence, the cunettes and the steps that only an hour earlier had put me in trouble: everything better now, and the fun begins, the pure one that makes you forget about hunger and cold and those who wait for you with patience now for two hours with a temperature always stopped at zero degrees centigrade. I find another flat stretch and try to unleash all the power, but space, Germany, for this bike is little: it really takes the Sahara.

BMW1000

Protar BMW 1000 Dakar 1985

Celebrating the world's most famous race, we then thought to retrace the history of this race, looking at the times when arriving on the shores of Lake Dakar was already a feat and the podium was reserved for a select few. Searching among the proposals offered by the world of modeling, the choice fell on a bike that won four times this race, the BMW 1000. Led victorious in '81 and '83 by Hubert Auriol, he doubled his successes with Gaston Rahier in '84 and '85.

The model we examined is the reproduction of the Bmw 1000 with which Rahier ran in '85, made in Scale 1:9 protar. Numerous details that make up this model, printed in three colors (White, gray and chrome), with black and white skin cuts, a cut of adhesive rubber. numerous screws, springs and, as a last detail, a piece of metal mesh. We begin the assembly from the chrome-ray wheels that house tessted tires on which we pass fine frosted paper to remove the gloss of the print and create the wear effect in the rubber.

BMW1000-1

The engine, the classic boxer that for so many years has characterized the BMW models, comes well-detailed, with numerous chrome details such as the butterfly for the oil rod and the oil pump. The cylinders are well 22 Pieces (each fin is a detail that is screwed to the carter) And among them the spring, behaved to measure, supporting the drain. Now we move on to the assembly of carburetors, two Bing chrome with its gasoline filter. The petrol pipe made of transparent material is impressive..

The frame, a structure in round double cradle tubes, supports the engine with four screws and the accessories that complete it are the support for the coils, water bottles and the radiator for the oil placed in the back under the steering wheel. After custom-made two more springs, complete marbles are mounted and then tube protectors for cylinders are mounted. Suspensions do not present any particular difficulties, because this model was equipped with a cardano transmission. The rear shocks, with separate tank, need the coloring of the springs; For this purpose it is recommended to clean the spring with thinner to make it easier to hold the paint.

The front fender has a window through which air passes through for cooling the oil radiator, the metal mesh should be cut to size and inserted from the inside. The handlebars, attached to the top plate of the fork with four screws, has been changed by us. In fact, we have added a tool bag attached to the top sleeper and a manual road-book with command placed on the left knob. A further water bottle has been placed inside the dome that supports the headlight. The tank, made in four parts , complete with two chrome caps.

The saddle should be covered at the top with the rubber properly shaped, and the back with white skin. The rear fender, related tables and headlight, needs a hole near the frame fastening that is easily achievable by following the instructions. At this point, armed with scissors, you have to improvise, following the instructions, make with black leather provided the bag to be fixed on the tank with the transparent window to hold the race notes, and the bag to be fastened to the back luggage rack. The only shrewdness is to use a new blade to cut the straps with which to make the fastenings, because the size to be cut (1.5mm) must be perfect to ensure the belt passes into the buckle. A coat of polish to protect decals… from the sand and the BMW 1000 Paris-Dakar is ready.
Text, photo and model by Massimo Moretti.

 

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The “Bavarian rat” of 1985

Text by Nicholas Bertaccini

The Dakar, the one with a capital w, is full of legends and stories. Some are short stories by "fishers", magnified, enriched and made legendary by word of mouth and since. Stories we've come to love and we hold as true. Other tales, generally those most incredible, real are also in commas.
What we have been told by Claudio Towers (6 Dakar from 1984 at 1991) It is an anecdote that falls into those true events, in those who do not need to be colored and flavored to be immortal.

We talk about the “Bavarian Rat”.

We heard it directly from the towers during lunch. When we told our Already had the eyes lit up, like those of a toddler who has combined a mischief but it was proud and seeks understanding from court, If not one off at least a little’ of sympathetic understanding. A rascally light, who years later still feels that he has done a great little tricksy. Hesitate a bit, before you pull out the drawer of memory details but eventually becomes convinced. She smiles and says "now all will be prescribed".

Towers is one of those riders that the Dakar has studied and understood it, that became biker and mechanic km after km, year after year. Every year a little’ of experience, something new included, a change to be made to the project, an improvement to introduce.

In those years the reference in the race of motorcycle was the BMW with its Gelande-Strasse sailed in the desert.

Towers has always had curiosity and inventiveness so typical of the inhabitants of the beautiful country and one initiative that is in the genes of those born in the province of Bergamo. He always fielded everything you need to get the best without ever backing down pursuing his ideas even when they looked like fools, even when proved wrong. Once again understand where is the solution to an age-old problem that nagged his Moto Guzzi to Dakar 1984, the rear suspension, practically ineffective which forced a constant guide standing on running boards.

Decides that there is only one way to shorten the time of study and development: copy from the best. In the end, if they do so the Japanese because you don't do that, you will be asked. Just a hunch in the eclectic mind, inventiveness and brilliant as that of architect Towers becomes a Pioggiadifuoco. And it won't be the first or last. The easiest way to study the best is getting a bike of the best. The BMW. BMW R80G/S of fresh Dakar winner Gaston Rahier 1985. BMW retained, Obviously, in Munich.

When you're used to solve problems in the middle of the desert, Maybe in the middle of the night, When you're hungry, tired and with still hundreds of km to go without knowing precisely what direction, the thought that go to Bavaria to take a motorcycle can be complex won't swipe. And our breaks down not. Reduced to a minimum the plan presents two problems: need a truck and a pretext.

Finds both and so part of Munich, to borrow the bike of Gaston Rahier from BMW. Ok, condediamoci a little’ time to reflect on what we have just read: Towers wants to go to Munich to get the BMW motorcycles dominatrix of the Dakar. Fantastic. The gimmick is a celebratory event, some sort of rally organized by motoclub. Meeting at which it would be nice to expose the bike champion.

Who knows, Maybe because the Germans they goaded the Teutonic pride. I imagine the good towers that comes with the van and two burly and moustached Bavarian warehouse that load the bike on German engineering and mechanical supremacy blathering about van. Of course along the way the bike will be diverted to Modena to take a break and be admired. Not by a group of bikers at a rally but by towers and who will have the opportunity to steal the secret of that rear suspension.

 

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Claudio Towers Dakar 1985

Claudio Towers to the Paris Dakar 1985, as you read from newspaper articles of the time the bike is MotoGuzzi Chad-1985by series, by changing only the drain and reservoir for the occasion, made by Acerbis in aluminium.
Claudio Towers sees Dim dream of reaching Dakar because its battery went to pieces and forced him to retire.
We must remember that on that occasion it self-funded, contributing to the payment of the bike and race registration participating without even a mechanic in tow, providing maintenance of the bike then the first person after each stage.

Curiosity: beyond the official bike of towers, were produced more 15 Baja red requests by the French importer,
While the streets of Mandello for some years around a replica built by mechanics Moto Guzzi experts in.

Eicher Eugen BSA 1985

Eugen Eicher on BSA to Dakar 1985

Eugen Eicher had entered the Dakar 1985 It came from Switzerland, therefore thought fit to shift the utility of the famous Swiss army knife of’ Army, the motorcycle inserting replacement directly on the chassis. The most practical example is the rear sprocket that could possibly serve as protection for the crankcase of his twin-cylinder BSA from 650 CC. Probably many other spare parts were mounted away from the eyes of the uninitiated. I haven't been able to find out more, to my great regret, We appeal to fans of the site to learn more.

If necessary, Eugen was determined to use tools “outdated” like hammer and tongs housed in a leather bag. A photographic evidence that suggests the spirit of adventure that pervaded the competitors of the time.

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Marinoni-1985

The Yamaha XT to Dakar 1985

The XT to Paris-Dakar ' 85 Yamaha attending the Paris-Dakar rally were of two types: those officers, prepared directly from the House and managed by the French team Sonauto, who conquered with Olivier second place, and those prepared by Belgarda, that after dominating the competition with Peak have finished third and fourth with the same peak and with Mad. We have analyzed the version prepared by the Italian team because, approaching closer to mass production, lets make some interesting comparisons.

Belg85-12The motion of Belgarda represents a real collage, because it uses parts of the TT600, the XT 600 Ténéré and 490 by cross. The frame is that of TT 600, braced at the rear to support the weight of the extra fuel tanks and tool bag. In particular it has been soldered a reinforced tube that goes from the attack of the swing arm from under the seat. Compared to the standard chassis then added two skid tubes, one on each side, for increased protection, and the Centre stand for easy servicing.

Belg85-13

Swingarm “official Yamaha”

The fork and the rear swingarm were provided directly from Yamaha and they equal those of motorcycle officers. The fork has the stems from 43 mm such as the TT 600, but has the sliders with the quick release front wheel. Clear springs are reinforced for extra weight that must endure. The swingarm is an experimental model a bit higher than that of series. The rear shock is to set, While the spring again this is reinforced to withstand greater load.

Belg85-16

Rugg YZ derivation

The wheels shall be those of the 490 by cross. The tires were mounted, Depending on the land, with the air Chamber, putting behind a double Te rim to avoid tearing the valve, or the «mousse» solid rubber. The «mousse» in particular has been used on the rocks or on hard surfaces where the risk of puncturing is very high.
The braking system is a cross between what the XT 600 Ténéré and the 490 by cross. On the front there is the hard braking with the Group of Ténéré (pump and caliper) the cross bike which ensures greater reliability. At the rear is the drum brake group are from cross.
The engine is the TT 600, structurally identical to that, the Ténéré but already in the beginning a bit more powerful (about 2 more horses) and above all more generous in low. To earn another shot at low was replaced the camshaft with that preparation kits that Belgarda markets, and has been given special attention in the design of the Terminal part of the free outlet exhaust, which also takes advantage of the OEM manifold. It has also been changed to accommodate the Carburetors calibrated airbox on the tank.

Replaceable air filter located behind the tank so you don't have to remove the seat

Replaceable air filter located behind the tank so you don't have to remove the seat

In the race then you used the barrel of the Ténéré with cane in. cast iron instead of TT with the chrome barrel. Are also standard clutch and gearbox, the latter is how all that as scaling relationships. He spoke instead on the final report, adapting gradually to the characteristics of the route with the Crown replacement. The chain is strengthened, of the type used on dirt bikes.

Belg85-15

Tank Byrd from 39 Lt.

The tank has a capacity of 39 litres and is the same as the preparedness kit, Inside is completely blank; the pilots themselves have renounced sponge inside because the half-empty tank of fuel to annoy not shaking the Guide and earns a liter capacity. The side tanks were made specially by Belgarda. The water, required for regulation, has, a capacity of 6 liters, that of petrol by 10.
The superstructure is completed from the saddle of the Ténéré, from a rear fender Acerbis and windshield, enclosing the radiator of the ollo (the Ténéré is set next to the engine). The fairing protects the instrumentation that includes tachometer, speedometer with trip-master and oil temperature thermometer. Behind the fairing are also the compass and a cassette for the roadbook

Source:http://www.xt600.cc/xtword/?page_id=2

DKW-1985-2

DKV 750 Dakar 1985

German financing, French and Japanese engine project, This is the combination that you see being born in 1985 the project DKV.
The money for the construction of the bike, hailed by sponsor, the Deutsche Kranvenversicherung AG What was then the largest health insurance in Europe. The idea was to Richard Montel, Head of Normoto of the project and put the Herault Seilles 4 cylinders in line of Kawasaki GPZ 750 ZX.

The project was innovative in its day, and that somehow launched the fashion of cylinders in the race in the desert, so much in vogue in the years that followed.

The engine was changed profoundly. First it was necessary to lower the compression ratio and depower him until a couple more appropriate schemes for racing in the desert. However, to achieve the remarkable allowed care power of about 80 horses. another “small crafts” was made to lighten the weight: the Starter was dismantled, resulting in a lightening of the electrical system. Was mounted on the starter kit Kawasaki Z 650. A home-made air filter Sachs and got "borrowed" from a Volkswagen Golf, a beautiful four-in-one exhaust and voila, you're done!

The soul of the chassis was maintained always the Kawasaki ZX, the double cradle was sawed off in order to add a removable cradle, to facilitate maintenance, claiming the seat and additional tank. For “quench” the 4 cylinder is made of a main tank in sheet 2 mm capacity 45 litres and under saddle there is another tank from 15 Lt.

The fork, a Kayaba crossisitica backgrounds, transplanted from a Yamaha YZ 490, with customized attacks for two disc brake callipers Brembo from 220 mm in diameter. The project, Surely serious and well made is evidenced by the gold anodized aluminum parts, as the strut front and rear brake calipers and spades triangles. Even the swinging arm was mounted ZX and derivation, instead of the system Unitrak, two classic and reliable White Power with external fuel tank. The hubs of the wheels were of Z 650.

The strength of DKV seemed to be the good power at all rpm, the solidity of a reliable engine, and the riders as Yvan GORONESKOUL, Philippe VASSARD and Andre BOUDOU, for sure talent and experience .
Top speed estimated at 200 km/h on road and 180 on sand and with a dry weight of 170 kg does not definitely the bike more maneuverable DKW elected to Dakar ...

N.d. r. Unfortunately this exciting project "European" did not have much luck, Since all 3 riders withdrew.